When a customer calls and asks for a pallet 1.3m square, little do they realise what affect this will have on their ongoing transport costs. Let me try to guide you through Designing for Transport.
So often, we are asked for unusual sizes of metal pallets and stillages. As we at Avatan Handling Equipment pride ourselves on our ‘Specials are our Standards’ mantra, we will always be happy to manufacture stillages that may be considered out of the ordinary. However, we will take time to discuss each customer’s needs. We will try to ascertain if the benefits of a special sized stillage actually outweigh the disbenefits and ongoing costs.
For example, if the need is for a stillage or pallet to accommodate an area slightly larger than a conventional pallet, but that pallet, once it is delivered to the customer will never again travel by road, then the additional transport cost incurred in the original delivery is never repeated.
However, it that pallet will instead be routinely ferried by vehicle or transported within a shipping container, then minimising the inpact on the remainder of the vehicle space is of paramount importance.
Standard UK Trailers
The standard UK trailer generally has an internal length of 13.4m and a width of 2.49m. They can generally accommodate up to 26 standard UK pallets, each 1000mm x 1200mm. Alternatively using Euro Pallets, 800mm x 1200mm, this capacity increases to 32 pallet spaces. Increasing the pallet size only slightly, e.g. 1000mm x 1250mm and the number of pallets the trailer can hold will drop significantly. If the second dimension also exceeds half of the trailer width, you might then be reducing the load capacity by a much larger proportion.
Trailer heights are slightly more variable and range between 2.4m high and 3m high. Again, with full knowledge of each customer’s needs, pallets can be designed to suit the trailer height as well.
Pictured here are some of Avatan’s rental Postracks. Offset stacked in fives, then stacked 6 units high, with 12 stacks of 30 per trailer, enabling 360 bases to fit on a 13m trailer with a height of 2.5m.
We do this too with Euro 91 Cage Pallets. On a Mega Trailer with a height to accommodate just under 3m, we can fit 288 Euro 91 cages in 32 stacks of 9. It is true to say, in order to do this, the trailer is absolutely laden both from load weight and volume point of view.
I have so far only mentioned 13m trailers. Of course many vehicles on our roads are ‘Rigids’ and will have a much smaller capacity. Many companies run 24′ or 32′ rigid vehicles. Generally these will offer the same internal width as the longer trailers again offering just over 2.4m internal width to accommodate 2 x 1200mm pallets between the curtains. Box trailers generally offer slightly less internal width and height than Tautliners.
This is another area where designing to maximise capacity is important. There is very little flexibility in the internal width of containers as they are built uniformly to fit within strict tolerances onboard ships. Here again, if you are designing your product to fit within a shipping container, design it smaller rather than larger. You will be amazed how difficult it can be to fill and empty a shipping container if tolerances have been maximised. Leave space for manoeuvre or face the risk that your product will be damaged while being loaded or unloaded.
Standard ISO Shipping Containers are 40ft or 20ft long, 8′ wide and 8’6″ high. High Cube containers are also routinely used extending the container height to 9’6″ high. (Other container sizes are available but cannot necessarily be shipped in the same way as standard ISO containers). Do bear in mind that the dimensions given are overall and the internal space is less than this and that the distance between the door framework also eats up space. I re-iterate… design smaller rather than larger and think carefully how you might manoeuvre that last of the load in through the doors.
In short, in designing Pallets and Stillages for use on roads, rail or on the high seas, think carefully about how much space you might gain or lose. Consider what cost advantage or disadvantage these changes will make to you shipping budget.
With a wide selection of pallet feet available, we guide you through how to make the best choice to suit your own stackable stillages and pallets.
Pallet feet are generally used to facilitate easy, safe and secure stacking of steel pallets. However, some pallet feet are more easily stacked than others. And some pallet feet demand a little more floor space than alternative methods of stacking.
CONICAL PALLET FEET
Let me start with conventional pallet feet. These are the most commonly used pallet feet in the UK and are used for most British stillages. Generally conical in their shape, stillages using these are by far the most easily stacked. Fork lift drivers can quickly and efficiently line up stillages. The forklift driver will easily see that two of the pallet feet will be aligned with the pallet below and can be sure that the remaining two pallet feet will drop squarely into place. Care must always be taken to ensure that all stacking points are lined up. However, the pallet will reliably centre itself on each corner post with very little likelihood that it will be stacked incorrectly.
- Low cost
- Easily and safely stacked
- Available in various sizes and thicknesses
- Gives easy fork lift access to all sides of the stillage
- Overlap the pallet adding to pallet footprint
Used extensively for motor industry pallets, the nesting plug can be used in conjunction with box section posts and fits almost entirely within the confines of the pallet dimensions. It only marginally increases the overall size of the stillage.
Nesting plugs sit on top of or below the corner post. The dimpled nesting plug will insert into the tube of a superimposed load and hold the stacked pallet firmly and securely in place.
Forklift drivers need to be highly accurate in their placement of stillages with little margin for error.
In designing stillages using nesting plugs, it is generally necessary to add skids, (or runners), between the corner posts in order to spread the load over a larger surface area. Nesting plugs on their own would create a significant point load and would be likely to damage floors.
- Pallet footprint in minimised
- When used with skids, warehouse and vehicle floors are best protected.
- Maximum driver accuracy required
- The addition of skids adds to pallet costs
- Skids may create a barrier preventing hand pallet truck operation
- Not available in many sizes
EUROPEAN PALLET FEET
Generally not available in the UK, this pallet foot is used extensively in Europe for Euro style cage pallets and box pallets.
Like the conical pallet foot, it is easily stacked. The Euro style cage pallet uses a top frame for stacking purposes. The feet will simply be placed within the upturned stacking frame of the stillage below, which in turn holds the superimposed stillage in place.
This foot adds nothing to the overall size of the stillage, However the required stacking top frame does add slightly to the pallet dimensions.
- Pallet footprint is kept small
- Gives easy fork lift access to all sides of the stillages.
- Generally only available in one size
When stacking stillages, it is imperative that fork lift drivers take care to ensure that all feet line up.
It is essential that the feet can be seen to have properly dropped over the corner posts of the stillage they are stacked upon.
Stillages and steel pallets must be stacked only on solid and level surfaces.
Care should be taken to ensure that space is allocated between stacks of stillages. It is imperative that adjoining stacks of pallets cannot be disturbed unintentionally.
STILLAGES FROM AVATAN
We manufacture stillages using all of these stacking methods. We design post pallets and mesh and sheet steel sided stillages to suit each customers individual needs. If you have any requirements for stillages and wish us to assist please call today or complete an online enquiry form.
What is the size of a Stillage or Metal Pallet?
If I had a penny, (let’s say a Pound), for every time I am asked ‘what is the size of a standard pallet or stillage’, I would be a very wealthy man!
Although there are common sizes used in the manufacture of pallets and stillages, most companies offering these products will offer to manufacture storage containers to suit individual customer’s needs. However, individuals have their own ideas about what ‘standard’ pallet means. I will try now to give a little guidance about what we understand as ‘standard’.
Steel Stillages’ and Metal Pallets’ Sizes
In the UK there are no real ‘standards’ when it comes to sizing cage pallets, box pallets, post pallets and flat pallets. Individuals want steel stillages to suit their own specific needs. A steel stillage is three dimensional, i.e. width, depth and height.
Commonly these will be manufactured to suit trailer sizes in order to make best and most economical use of transport. In the UK, we tend to default to base dimensions of 1200mm x 1000mm, (this stemming from our old imperial 48” x 40”). It is this size that hauliers use to identify that a full size trailer will carry 26 pallet spaces.
Height is often determined by trailer capacity but as trailers vary tremendously in height, this is less quantifiable. It is safe to say that two 1200mm high stillages will fit within the height of most trailers.
In Europe, they have a slightly different idea when it comes to stillage sizing. The European default size tends to be 1200mm x 800mm. Two x 1200mm or three x 800mm will most economically fill the width of a standard trailer. The European Pallet Pool Stillage is nominally 1200mm x 800mm x 970mm high. Up to 96 of these rigid cages will fit within a Mega trailer. Or up to 270 Folding Euro Cage Pallets will fit on a Mega trailer.
Common Sizes for Steel Stillages
- 900mm x 600mm x 600mm high
- 900mm x 900mm x 600mm high
- 1000mm x 1000mm x 1000mm high
- 1200mm x 800mm x 1000mm high
- 1200mm x 1000mm x 1000mm high
- 1200mm x 1200mm x 1000mm high
- 600mm x 600mm x 600mm high
- 900mm x 600mm x 600mm high
- 1000mm x 1000mm x 1000mm high
- 1200mm x 800mm x 1000mm high
- 1200mm x 1000mm x 1000mm high
- 1200mm x 1100mm x 1500mm high
- 1400mm x 900mm x 1500mm high
- 1420mm x 1060mm x 1600mm high
Scaffolding Post Pallets
- 950mm x 950mm x 680mm high
Not all metal pallets and steel stillages are designed to go on vehicles. Many are designed to accommodate a specific product and vehicle economy may not be a factor.
At Avatan, we offer the best of both worlds. We have laid out our stall to offer both ‘Standard’ and ‘Bespoke’ Stillages. We carry stocks of European style Cage Pallets and Box Pallets, nominally 1200mm x 800mm, and most commonly 970mm high. We also carry stocks of CubiCages generally based on the UK pallet size of 1200mm x 1000mm.
We also design and manufacture metal pallet cages and steel box pallets and post pallets to order in any size and quantity. From as small as 600mm square upwards. I think the largest stillage we have manufactured in recent years is 5000mm x 1320mm x 1200mm high. Entirely achievable but it did present some logistical issues while handling it through the manufacturing process.
Entirely separate from this blog post, I will also cover the ‘standard’ size of timber pallets, and plastic pallets. I will also cover flat metal pallets manufactured from steel, stainless steel and aluminium.
In answer to the question, ‘ What is the size of a Stillage?’, the response fits another unanswerable question… ‘How long is a piece of String’?
Let us try to help you with answers to your specific questions, call Avatan Handling Equipment today.
I doubt there are many warehouses that do not have uses for flat pallets. So much is delivered on, despatched on and stored on flat pallets that pallets are in use everywhere.
TIMBER PALLETS – Warehousing’s Favourite
Most warehouse managers will make do with timber pallets. Wood pallets are of course the most economical option and in so many cases have all the properties a storage site will need. These pallets can be designed to suit most storage needs, whether this might be a single trip light duty option or something heavier duty and more durable suitable for multiple used and for storage within pallet racking. The most common pallet size in the UK is 1200mm x 1000mm but with more and more products being shipped into and out of Europe, the Euro Pallet 1200mm x 800mm is becoming more common.
However, no matter how well a timber pallet is treated, in time it is likely to split and splinter and require replacement. Avatan Handling Equipment offer a wide selection of timber pallets designed to suit most needs.
Are timber pallets the only option? Not by a long chalk!
Avatan offer a wide range of –
- Steel Pallets – Heavy and durable, painted or galvanised finish
- Aluminium Pallets – Light and easily cleaned, ideal for food and pharmaceutical.
- Stainless Steel Pallets – The Rolls Royce of pallets, hygienic, strong, durable and corrosion resistant.
All of these can be manufactured to suit each customer’s individual needs. Plastic pallets are also offered but in this case, standard pallet sizes only can be offered.
So, why choose something other than a timber pallet?
STEEL PALLETS – Sturdy & Long Lasting
Flat steel pallet, heavy duty, four way entry, with flat sheeted top.
If your focus is not on hygiene, but instead on durability, then steel flat pallets are generally very economical. These again can be manufactured to suit customers needs, any size and to suit light or heavy loads. Avatan reflect on each customer’s requirements and will design pallets specifically to suit that need. Yes, there are common sizes and styles but adapting a standard pallet into something better suited to an individual’s needs, is a speciality we at Avatan pride ourselves on. Our range of flat pallets is extensive and ever increasing.
With a standard painted finish, pallets will be durable but will be susceptible to chipping and subsequent potential corrosion. The addition of a hot-dipped galvanised finish will protect the steel. The pallet may then be suitable for some food processing environments.
Also available from Avatan is a selection of plastic pallets. Again, there are many applications for these but sizes are generally restricted to standard pallet sizes. In this range, we have light duty single trip pallets all the way through to heavy duty rackable pallets.
ALUMINIUM PALLETS – Light & Hygienic
The answer to why choose something other than a timber pallets might be tempered by the industry sector you are in. Pharmaceutical companies often require stainless steel storage products taking full advantage of the corrosion resistance properties of this durable material. Aluminium pallets too are often used in this sector with aluminium playing an importance part in food processing and meat industries. The meat industry, e.g. butchers and abattoirs have many uses for these extremely light and highly durable hygienic pallets. Food processors in general need to keep wood out of production areas and aluminium and stainless steel win hands down when it comes to ease of cleaning.
As to cost, aluminium pallets are relatively inexpensive.
STAINLESS STEEL PALLETS – The Rolls Royce of Pallets
With ultra high corrosion resistant properties, pallets can be manufactured in 304 grade or 316 grade stainless steel. Both options are considerably pricier than all other materials but if your environment is particularly corrosive, then stainless steel pallets may be the only satisfactory option.
In keeping with other pallets, materials used in the construction of stainless steel pallets can be adapted to suit light and heavy duty storage needs.
Another article related to the comparison of flat pallets with some of their advantages and disadvantages is linked here.
Whatever your needs, Avatan will try to help. Call 020 8429 4444 today.
The cross over between Postracks and Pallet Racking is discussed.
When weighing up how to best use the space within your warehouse, there are always many factors to consider but mainly, is the storage requirement a long term one or do you need an adaptable system that can be moved or replaced, easily and economically?
Pallet Racking is ideal for so many warehouses. Conventional pallet racking with wide isles enables the user to access every pallet stored within the warehouse. However, this comes at the expense of the space it uses. The isles, the arteries of the racking system, are generally wide and can swallow up as much as 70% of the total warehouse space. If however, a more flexible approach is necessary to accommodate changing storage needs throughout the year, then conventional wide isle pallet racking may not be the most beneficial solution.
Pallet Racking – The Benefits
- Traditional Racking gives immediate access to 100% of pallet spaces
- Warehouse headroom can be fully utilised
- Pallet spaces can be allocated to specific products and product groups minimising search time
Pallet Racking – The Disadvantages
- Traditional Racking is costly in floor space, needing wide aisles for fork lift access
- Is generally not available for hire
- Cannot be easily moved, leaving little flexibility for seasonal requirements
Postracks may be that alternative. Postracks are simple Post Pallets that can be used in a similar fashion to Pallet Racking. Postracks are designed and manufactured with flexibility in mind.
Each Post Rack comprises a strong and durable steel braced base upon which a palletised load can be loaded. A set of four removable posts dropped into the stub posts of the base, are then available to support another base placed upon them.
The beauty of this system is that it will not be bolted to the floor and can easily be moved to another area within the warehouse. Equally, the Postracks can be block stacked without isle space maximising the number of pallets a warehouse can store within a limited area. Imagine Easter Eggs for example. They take up a lot of space for a short time within the year. They are all likely to be despatched within a short period of time. What better way to fill the warehouse than to block stack the Easter Eggs. The same would go for so many seasonal products and Avatan has many regular customers who hire Postracks for a short period of time each year. Turkeys at Christmas, Chocolate Eggs at Easter, bulbs in the summer and so many others consumer items where stocks are assembled and need to be stored for a short spell of time. Postracks, (post racking), are the answer to many of our customers.
Oddly, another seasonal product is Carpet. (No, I would not have considered that to be seasonal either, but it is)! Carpet and underlay manufacturers, distributors and stockists build up their stocks in late summer in preparation for an increase in sales in the run up to Christmas and for the Sales. Although not palletised, rolls of carpet and underlay are often stored in Postracks. Again, the demountable nature of the Postrack means that when carpet manufacturers are quieter, the Postracks may be disassembled and stored in a much smaller area, leaving the vacated space for other uses.
Postracks – The Benefits
- Can be used as an alternative to Pallet Racking with all the advantages of this
- Can be block stacked, minimising aisle requirements for bulk goods
- Can be easily assembled without installation costs
- Is routinely available for hire
- Can be dismantled easily and stored in a fraction of its assembled space
- Can be used as a Post Pallet
- Can be used as a transit pallet for despatch purposes
Postracks – The disadvantages
- Product at the top of a stack must be removed before lower loads are removed
Avatan Handling Equipment prides itself on encouraging customers to use storage products best suited to their own needs. There are places and situations where the use of Pallet Racking is a no brainer. There are other warehouses where it would be madness to use an inflexible system and Postracks may then be the best option. If you have a storage requirement where you are left scratching your head wondering how best to proceed, give Avatan a call today on 020 8429 4444 and let us help and guide you.
Second Hand Stillages.
We featured a blog post last year commenting on how second hand stocks of stillages and other storage items had suddenly become available. In the current market, many items will sell very quickly. For example, pretty well as soon as we get hold of SHC33 Used Ex MOD Cage Pallets, they sell. Other items may not sell so readily but we are always on the lookout for saleable stocks. If you do have stocks of redundant Cage Pallets, Box Pallets or Post Pallets, do please get in touch.
Ex Rental Cage Pallets for sale.
Avatan offer a wide range of rental storage items and these will often be offered for sale, second hand, once a rental is complete and the goods have been returned and inspected.
Our large fleet of rental Postracks, Euro style Cage Pallets and CubiCages enable us to regularly offer good quality second hand consistent items for sale. With three different styles of Postracks and a variety of Euro Cage Pallets most storage needs can be covered.
Storage Equipment wanted and for sale.
Yes, we would prefer to keep the factory busy and sell only prestine new equipment but so many of our customers look for a bargain and begrudge the extra costs for new stillages. It is with this in mind that we are constantly on the lookout for good quality stocks in good condition.
If you have redundant stocks of steel pallets, stillages, plastic box pallets or plastic containers, and you wish to dispose of them, please do get in touch. If we don’t think they can easily be sold, or they are too costly to transport or store, then scrap may be the option. We won’t waste your time and will tell you. Recover what you can from your redundant storage containers and let us help you do that. Contact Avatan today if you wish to buy or sell second hand storage equipment. We would welcome your call.
Although there is a standard Euro Cage Pallet used throughout Europe, often known as the Gitterbox, this style of cage in line with conventional steel stillages, can be made in any number of sizes. There are many uses of Euro Cage Pallets for a variety of storage solutions. Types of euro pallets include the standard Euro Cage Pallet, which has base dimensions 1200mm x 800mm and the height used in the European Pallet Pool is 970mm. EPAL pallets, used in the Pallet Pool, must carry identification stating the weight the stillages will carry, how many can be stacked upon one another, the place of manufacture and a sequential identification number. Pallet Pool cage pallets have economical timber bases and although these are robust and durable, many British customers consider them inferior as the timbers will deteriorate when stored outside and the stillage itself is likely not to be suitable for many food or pharmaceutical applications.
Uses of Euro Cage Pallets
To overcome some of the British reservations, Avatan now routinely carries stocks of Euro 90 Rigid and Euro 91 Fully Collapsible Cage Pallets. Based on the Gitterbox style, our stillages have strong corrugated sheet steel bases. Euro 90 Rigid Cage Pallets are also available with hot dip galvanised finish, overcoming many of the reservations presented by food and pharmaceutical industry buyers.
This style of cage has been introduced recently into a major cheese production company. On this occasion, the dimensions have been radically changed, increasing the base size and reducing the height. Load testing has confirmed that this particular unit may be stacked 10 units high. Our customer wanted to go higher still but at the time of testing, only 10 units were available.
Uses of Euro Cage Pallets are versatile across many sectors. Another industry regularly in touch asking for Euro style cages is the Wine Industry and again, Avatan supply standard Euro cages to many vineyards. For bottled sparkling wines, which uses heavier bottles, we recently re-designed the Gitterbox style cage with larger dimensions, hot dip galvanised to protect the metal from the acidity of the wine and with timber decking to soften the impact of bottles landing in the cage.
The uses for Euro Stillages are endless. These robust and economical cages could well work for you and we would welcome your enquiries. Call Avatan today.
Although Avatan prefers to supply products to BEST suit each customer’s needs, the luxury of a lead time is sometimes unaffordable. In these cases, we will try to satisfy pressing needs from stock.
Now carrying an ever increasing range of stock items, and with hauliers able to offer next day delivery services, cage pallets, box pallets, post pallets, roll containers and many other items can often be supplied immediately without delay. Even Aluminium Pallets are held in stock for immediate despatch.
We have based our stock items around common UK and European pallet sizes. We carry CubiCages and Stackable Retention Units with dimensions 1200mm x 1000mm, i.e. UK pallet size. We also carry European style 1200mm x 800mm Gitterbox Cage Pallets with mesh sides and Gitterbox Box Pallets with sheet steel sides. CubiCages and Folding Euro style cages also satisfy most short term rental requirements.
Similarly standard security roll containers designed optimally to suit distribution trailer dimensions are also held in stock for sale or for hire.
How does this fit in with our ethos of supplying storage products best suited to each customers needs? Well, it fits in every way. If the customers needs are immediate, then compromise may be necessary with the importance for speed becoming the overriding factor.
However, we still pride ourselves on being able to interpret individual needs and providing time is available, then we will design and supply the right storage or handling product at a most economical price.
If you have requirements for steel, aluminium or stainless steel stillages or pallets, get in touch with Avatan today.
Avatan’s range of folding rod formed cage pallets is now being re-branded CubiCages. Our wide range of collapsible cage pallets will now be banded into one group within the CubiCage and Stackable Retention Unit pages on our website. We routinely carry stocks of a variety of CubiCages and now include within this range the Euro 91 folding Euro Cage Pallet. The family of folding cage stillages is becoming more popular as transport costs rise. With the ability to collapse the CubiCages into a fraction of their assembled size, transport and storage costs can be significantly reduced.
For example, up to 480 Stackable Retention Units will fit in a 45′ load. Similarly approximately 280 Euro 91 cage pallets or similar number of rod formed CubiCages will fit in the same space. This compares with trailers accommodating only 40-60 of a similar but rigid container. Immense transport savings are possible.
Our stock CubiCages are all manufactured to match the British pallet size 1200mm x 1000mm and, with an overall height of 1000mm, have a capacity of just over a cubic metre. The same volume will fit in our standard Stackable Retention Unit. Alternatively, the Euro 91 CubiCage Euro Cage Pallet is designed around the standard European pallet with nominal dimensions of 1200mm x 800mm x 970mm overall height.
Holding large stocks of many of these items, Avatan Handling Equipment Ltd can respond quickly to customers needs. Next day delivery options are available to most areas within the UK.
We are not suggesting that CubiCages are suitable for all eventualities and therefore offer an extensive range of more conventional stillages, cage pallets, box pallets and post pallets. Manufactured in our UK plant, rigid and collapsible stillages can be designed to suit your own very special needs. We take pride in the fact that we can be adaptable and welcome the opportunity to discuss customers storage problems. Let us help you solve your storage difficulties.
Whatever your needs, sale or rental, do please give contact our sales team. We will be delighted to help.
With a mix of Euro style cage pallets commonly held in stock, Avatan is always surprised by how varied the uses are for these steel pallets. We are commonly asked for stillages for industrial sites, where boxed or loose products are the order of the day. Then we might get a call from a vineyard asking for this style of stillage. For bottles, the Euro Cage Pallet, known in Europe as a Gitterbox, is ideal. The standard Euro style timber deck offers bottles a much softer landing than a steel deck. But then wine is quite acidic and the vintner was concerned that the cages would rust. The answer to this one was to hot dip galvanise the stillages. Not only does this protect the steel pallet but it also ensures that the metal does not corode and leave unsightly or damaging marks on the contents. Galvanised Euro 90 cage pallets are currently now held in stock ready for immediate despatch. Other common uses for Euro 90 stillages have been for storage and drying of logs for winter fuel, car parts and often for storage of waste materials prior to recycling.
The Euro 90 Gitterbox may also be supplied fitted with a numbered identification plate, necessary for all cages introduced into the European Pallet Pool.
So also with stocks of timber decked and corrugated steel decked rigid Euro cages, generally immediately available, Avatan also holds large stocks of Euro 91 Fully collapsible stillages. With all sides of the Euro 91 gitter box hinged to the base of the pallet, these units fold flat for empty storage and transportation, enabling up to 288 folded cages to fit into Mega Cube trailers.
As transport can be carried out economically due to the condensed nature of the folded Euro 91 Cage, these are ideal for rental, especially short term, when transport costs can play such a significant part in overall hire expenditure.
Although the pallet pool stillage has mesh sides by default, this style of pallet is also available as a box pallet and may be supplied with solid sheet steel sides in either the rigid Euro 90 or collapsible Euro 91 styles.
If this is of interest to you, please do get in touch. Avatan would be pleased to assist you.